Book Chapter

(1) Griffith, Kent J.*; Griffin, John M. “Solid-State NMR of Energy Storage Materials” in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry III. Poeppelmeier, K. R., Reedijk, J., Eds.; Elsevier: 2023, Vol. 10, pp 282–329. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-823144-9.00147-3


(55) Hancock, Justin C.; Ding, Patrick; Choi, Yunyeong; Ceder, Gerbrand; Vaughey, John T.; Griffith, Kent J.*; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Electrochemistry in the Large Tunnels of Lithium Post-spinel Compounds" Chem. Mater. 2024.

(54) Ding, Fenghua; Doi, Atsunori; Ogawa, Takafumi; Ubukata, Hiroki; Zhu, Tong; Kato, Daichi; Tassel, Cédric; Oikawa, Itaru; Inui, Naoki; Kuze, Satoru; Yamabayashi, Tsutomu; Fujii, Kotaro; Yashima, Masatomo; Ou, Xing; Wang, Zhijian; Min, Xiaobo; Fujita, Koji; Takamura, Hitoshi; Kuwabara, Akihide; Zhang, Tianren; Griffith, Kent J.; Lin, Zhang; Chai, Liyuan; Kageyama, Hiroshi “Anionic Sublattices in Halide Solid Electrolytes: A Case Study with High-Pressure Phase of Li3ScCl6Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2024, 63, e202401779.

(53) Patterson, Ashlea R.; Elizalde-Segovia, Rodrigo; Wyckoff, Kira E.; Zohar, Arava; Ding, Patrick P.; Turner, Wiley M.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.; Narayan, Sri R.; Clément, Raphaële J.; Seshadri, Ram; Griffith, Kent J.* "Rapid and Reversible Lithium Insertion in the Wadsley–Roth-Derived Phase NaNb13O33" Chem. Mater. 2023, 35, 6364–6373. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.3c01066

(52) Han, Hyeon; Jacquet, Quentin; Jiang, Zhen; Sayed, Farheen N.; Jeon, Jae-Chun; Sharma, Arpit; Schankler, Aaron M.; Kakekhani, Arvin; Meyerheim, Holger L.; Park, Jucheol; Nam, Sang Yeol; Griffith, Kent J.; Simonelli, Laura; Rappe, Andrew M.; Grey, Clare P.; Parkin, Stuart S. P. "Li Iontronics in Single-crystalline T-Nb2O5 Thin Films with Vertical Ionic Transport Channels" Nat. Mater. 2023, 22, 1128–1135. DOI:10.1038/s41563-023-01612-2

(51) Ding, Fenghua; Griffith, Kent J.; Zhang, Weiguo; Cui, Shaoxin; Zhang, Chi; Wang, Yiran; Kamp, Kendall; Yu, Hongwei; Halasyamani, P. Shiv; Yang, Zhihua; Pan, Shilie; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “NaRb6(B4O5(OH)4)3(BO2) Featuring Noncentrosymmetry, Chirality, and the Linear Anionic Group BO2J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023, 145, 4928–4933. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c12069

(50) Ding, Fenghua; Griffith, Kent J.; Zhang, Chi; Zhan, Jing; Lu, Hongcheng; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Magnetic Properties of a One-Dimensional Chain Antiferromagnet NiC2O4·2NH3J. Solid State Chem. 2022, 314, 123360. DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2022.123360

(49) Wang, Yiran; Fukuda, Masayuki; Nikolaev, Sergey; Miyake, Atsushi; Griffith, Kent J.; Nisbet, Matthew L.; Hiralal, Emily; Gautier, Romain; Fisher, Brandon L.; Tokunaga, Masashi; Azuma, Masaki; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Two Distinct Cu(II)–V(IV) Superexchange Interactions with Similar Bond Angles in a Triangular “CuV2” Fragment” Inorg. Chem. 2022, 61, 10234–10241. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c01691

(48) Cai, Guofa; Zhu, Rui; Liu, Shiyou; Wang, Jinhui; Wei, Congyuan; Griffith, Kent J.; Jia, Yu; Lee, Pooi See “Tunable Intracrystal Cavity in Tungsten Bronze-like Bimetallic Oxides for Electrochromic Energy Storage” Adv. Energy Mater. 2022, 12, 2103106. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202103106

(47) Hancock, Justin; Griffith, Kent J.; Choi, Yunyeong; Bartel, Christopher J.; Lapidus, Saul H.; Vaughey, John T.; Ceder, Gerbrand; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Expanding the Ambient-pressure Phase Space of CaFe2O4-type Sodium Post-spinel Host–Guest Compounds” ACS Org. Inorg. Au 2022, 2, 8–22. DOI: 10.1021/acsorginorgau.1c00019

(46) Ding, Fenghua; Charles, Nenian; Harada, Jaye K.; Malliakas, Christos D.; Zhang, Chi; dos Reis, Roberto; Griffith, Kent J.; Nisbet, Matthew L.; Zhang, Weiguo; Halasyamani, P. Shiv; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Rondinelli, James M.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Perovskite-like K3TiOF5 Exhibits (3+1)-Dimensional Commensurate Structure Induced by Octahedrally Coordinated Potassium Ions” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 18907–18916. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c05704

(45) Flynn, Steven; Wang, Yiran; Griffith, Kent J.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “The Crystal Structure of LiSc2SbO6
J. Solid State Chem. 2021, 304, 122615. 
DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2021.122615

(44) McColl, Kit; Griffith, Kent J.; Dally, Rebecca L.; Li, Runze; Douglas, Jason E.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.; Corà, Furio; Levin, Igor; Butala, Megan M. “Energy Storage Mechanisms in Vacancy-Ordered Wadsley–Roth Layered Niobates” J. Mater. Chem. A 2021, 9, 20006–20023. DOI: 10.1039/d1ta02992d

(43) Bashian, Nicholas H.; Zuba, Mateusz; Irshad, Ahamed; Becwar, Shona M.; Vinckeviciute, Julija; Rahim, Warda; Griffith, Kent J.; McClure, Eric T.; Papp, Joseph K.; McCloskey, Bryan D.; Scanlon, David O.; Chmelka, Bradley F.; Van der Ven, Anton; Narayan, Sri. R.; Piper, Louis F. J.; Melot, Brent C. “Electrochemical Oxidative Fluorination of an Oxide Perovskite” Chem. Mater. 2021, 33, 5757–5768. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.1c01594

(42) Griffith, Kent J.*; Ding, Fenghua; Flynn, Steven “Solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Spin-9/2 Nuclei 115In and 209Bi in Functional Inorganic Complex Oxides” Magn. Reson. Chem. 2021, 59, 1077–1088. DOI: 10.1002/mrc.5183

(41) Kim, Un-Hyuck; Park, Jeong-Hyeon; Aishova, Assylzat; Ribas, Rogério M.; Monteiro, Robson S.; Griffith, Kent J.; Yoon, Chong S.; Sun, Yang-Kook “Microstructure Engineered Ni-Rich Layered Cathode for Electric Vehicle Batteries” Adv. Energy Mater. 2021, 11, 2100884. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202100884

(40) Luo, Ting; Kuo, Jimmy J.; Griffith, Kent J.; Imasato, Kazuki; Cojocaru-Mirédin, Oana; Wuttig, Matthias; Gault, Baptiste; Yu, Yuan; Snyder, G. Jeffrey “Nb-mediated Grain Growth and Grain-boundary Engineering in Mg3Sb2-based Thermoelectric Materials” Adv. Funct. Mater. 2021, 31, 2100258. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202100258

(39) Huang, Chunmei; Mutailipu, Miriding; Zhang, Fangfang; Griffith, Kent J.; Hu, Cong; Yang, Zhihua; Griffin, John M.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.; Pan, Shilie “Expanding the Chemistry of Borates with Functional [BO2] Anions” Nat. Commun. 2021, 12, 2597. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-22835-4

(38) Slade, Tyler J.; Anand, Shashwat; Wood, Max; Male, James P.; Imasato, Kazuki; Cheikh, Dean; Al Malki, Muath M.; Agne, Matthias T.; Griffith, Kent J.; Bux, Sabah K.; Wolverton, Chris; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.; Snyder, G. Jeffrey “Charge-carrier-mediated Lattice Softening Contributes to High zT in Thermoelectric Semiconductors” Joule 2021, 5, 1168–1182. DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2021.03.009

(37) Flynn, Steven; Zhang, Chi; Griffith, Kent J.; Shen, Jiahong; Wolverton, Chris; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Fluoridation of HfO2Inorg. Chem. 2021, 60, 4463–4474. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c03254

(36) Pieczulewski, Naomi A.; Wood, Max; Toriyama, Michael Y.; Male, James; Griffith, Kent J.; Snyder, G. Jeffrey “Possibility of Interstitial Na as Electron Donor in Yb14MgSb11MRS Commun. 2021, 11, 226–232. DOI: 10.1557/s43579-021-00019-x

(35) Kim, Yumi; Jacquet, Quentin; Griffith, Kent J.; Lee, Jeongjae; Dey, Sunita; Rinkel, Bernardine L. D.; Grey, Clare P. “High-rate Lithium-ion Batteries with Niobium Tungsten Oxide Anodes” J. Electrochem. Soc. 2021, 168, 010525DOI: 10.1149/1945-7111/abd919

(34) Griffith, Kent J.*; Harada, Yasuhiro; Egusa, Shun; Ribas, Rogério; Monteiro, Robson; Von Dreele, Robert B.; Cheetham, Anthony K.; Cava, Robert J.; Grey, Clare P.; Goodenough, John B. “Titanium Niobium Oxide: From Discovery to Application in Fast-Charging Lithium-ion Batteries” Chem. Mater. 2021, 33, 4–18. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c02955

(33) Ding, Fenghua‡; Griffith, Kent J.‡ (co-first author); Koçer, Can P.; Saballos, Richard; Wang, Yiran; Zhang, Chi; Nisbet, Matthew; Morris, Andrew J.; Rondinelli, James M.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Multimodal Structure Solution with 19F NMR Crystallography of Spin Singlet Molybdenum Oxyfluorides” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 12288–12298. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c04019

(32) Griffith, Kent J.‡; Hope, Michael A.‡; Reeves, Philip J.; Anayee, Mark; Gogotsi, Yury; Grey, Clare P. “Bulk and Surface Chemistry of the Niobium MAX and MXene Phases from Multinuclear Solid-state NMR Spectroscopy” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 18924–18935. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c09044

(31) Chien, Po-Hsiu; Griffith, Kent J.; Liu, Haoyu; Gan, Zhehong; Hu, Yan-Yan “Recent Advances in Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Techniques for Materials Research” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 2020, 50, 493–520. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-matsci-091019-011049

(30)Flynn, Steven; Sanghvi, Sheel; Nisbet, Matthew L.; Griffith, Kent J.; Zhang, Weiguo; Halasyamani, P. Shiv; Haile, Sossina M.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “LiIn2SbO6: A New Rutile-related Structure-type with Unique Ion Channels” Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 4785–4794. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c01491

(29)Editors’ Choice ArticleKoçer, Can P.; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P.; Morris, Andrew J. “Lithium Diffusion in Niobium Tungsten Oxide Shear Structures” Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 3980–3989. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c00483

(28) Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P. “Superionic Lithium Intercalation through 2 × 2 nm2 Columns in Crystallographic Shear Phase Nb18W8O69Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 3860–3868. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b05403

(27) Bashian, Nicholas H.; Abdel-Latif, Samantha; Zuba, Mateusz J.; Griffith, Kent J.; Ganose, Alex M.; Stiles, Joseph W.; Zhou, Shiliang; Scanlon, David O.; Piper, Louis F. J.; Melot, Brent C. “Transition Metal Migration Can Facilitate Ionic Diffusion in Defect Garnet Based Intercalation Electrodes” ACS Energy Lett. 2020, 5, 1448–1455. DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00376

(26)Nisbet, Matthew L.; Pendleton, Ian M.; Nolis, Gene M.; Griffith, Kent J.; Schrier, Joshua; Cabana, Jordi; Norquist, Alexander J.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. “Machine-learning-assisted Synthesis of Polar Racemates” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 7555–7566. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c01239

(25) Barnes, J. Tyler; Griffith, Kent J.; Beeler, Joshua A.; Gerroll, Benjamin H. R.; Petro, Ana G. Couto; Williams, Christopher G.; Siedle, Allen R.; Tait, Steven L.; Peters, Dennis G. “Alkyl-Group Grafting onto Glassy Carbon Cathodes by Reduction of Primary Monohaloalkanes: Electrochemistry and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Studies” J. Electroanal. Chem. 2020, 856, 113531. DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2019.113531

(24) Halat, David M.; Britto, Sylvia; Griffith, Kent J.; Jónsson, Erlendur; Grey, Clare P. “Natural Abundance Solid-state 33S NMR Study of NbS3: Applications for Battery Conversion Electrodes” Chem. Commun. 2019, 55, 12687–12690. DOI: 10.1039/C9CC06059F

(23) Griffith, Kent J.‡; Seymour, Ieuan D.‡; Hope, Michael A.; Butala, Megan M.; Lamontagne, Leo K.; Preefer, Molleigh B.; Koçer, Can P.; Morris, Andrew J.; Cliffe, Matthew J.; Dutton, Siân E.; Grey, Clare P. “Ionic and Electronic Conduction in TiNb2O7 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 16706–16725. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b06669

(22) Koçer, Can P.; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P.; Morris, Andrew J. “Cation Disorder and Lithium Insertion Mechanism of Wadsley–Roth Crystallographic Shear Phases from First Principles” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 15121–15134. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b06316

(21) Reeves, Philip J.; Seymour, Ieuan D.; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P. “Characterizing the Structure and Phase Transition of Li2RuO3 using Variable Temperature 17O and 7Li NMR Spectroscopy” Chem. Mater. 2019, 31, 2814–2821. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b05178

(20) Märker, Katharina; Reeves, Philip J.; Xu, Chao; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P. “Evolution of Structure and Lithium Dynamics in LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NMC811) Cathodes during Electrochemical Cycling” Chem. Mater. 2019, 31, 2545–2554. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00140

(19) Lennon, Alison J.; Jiang, Yu; Hall, Charles; Lau, Derwin; Song, Ning; Burr, Patrick A.; Grey, Clare P.; Griffith, Kent J. “High-rate Lithium Ion Energy Storage to Facilitate Increased Penetration of Photovoltaic Systems in Electricity Grids” MRS Energy and Sustainability 2019, 6, e2:1–18DOI: 10.1557/mre.2019.4

(18) Koçer, Can P.; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P.; Morris, Andrew J. “First Principles Study of Localized and Delocalized Electronic States in Crystallographic Shear Phases of Niobium Oxide” Phys. Rev. B 2019, 99, 075151. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.075151

(17) Hope, Michael A.; Griffith, Kent J.; Cui, Bin; Gao, Fang; Dutton, Siân E.; Parkin, Stuart S. P.; Grey, Clare P. “The Role of Ionic Liquid Breakdown in the Electrochemical Metallization of VO2: An NMR Study of Gating Mechanisms and VO2 Reduction” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 16685–16696. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b09513

(16) Li, Kerui; Shao, Yuanlong; Yan, Hongping; Lu, Zhi; Griffith, Kent J.; Yan, Jinhui; Wang, Gang; Fan, Hongwei; Lu, Jingyu; Huang, Wei; Bao, Bin; Liu, Xuelong; Hou, Chengyi; Zhang, Qinghong; Li, Yaogang; Yu, Junsheng; Wang, Hongzhi “Lattice-Contraction Triggered Synchronous Electrochromic Actuator” Nat. Commun. 2018, 9, 4798. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07241-7

(15) Groh, Matthias F.; Sullivan, Matthew J.; Gaultois, Michael W.; Pecher, Oliver; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P. “Interface Instability in LiFePO4—Li3+xP1−xSixO4 All-Solid-State Batteries” Chem. Mater. 2018, 30, 5886–5895. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01746

(14) Griffith, Kent J.; Wiaderek, Kamila M.; Cibin, Giannantonio; Marbella, Lauren E.; Grey, Clare P. “Niobium Tungsten Oxides for High-Rate Lithium-ion Energy Storage” Nature 2018, 559, 556–563. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0347-0

(13) Marbella, Lauren E.; Evans, Matthew L.; Groh, Matthias F.; Nelson, Joseph; Griffith, Kent J.; Morris, Andrew J.; Grey, Clare P. “Sodiation and Desodiation via Helical Phosphorus Intermediates in High-Capacity Anodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 7994–8004. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b04183

(12) Deng, Yue; Eames, Christopher; Nguyen, Long H. B.; Pecher, Oliver; Griffith, Kent J.; Courty, Matthieu; Fleutot, Benoit; Chotard, Jean-Noël; Grey, Clare P.; Islam, M. Saiful; Masquelier, Christian “Crystal Structures, Local Atomic Environments, and Ion Diffusion Mechanisms of Scandium-substituted Sodium Superionic Conductor (NASICON) Solid Electrolytes” Chem. Mater. 2018, 30, 2618–2630. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b05237

(11) Griffith, Kent J.; Senyshyn, Anatoliy; Grey, Clare P. “Structural Stability from Crystallographic Shear in TiO2–Nb2O5 Phases: Cation Ordering and Lithiation Behavior of TiNb24O62Inorg. Chem. 2017, 56, 4002–4010. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b03154

(10) Cozzan, Clayton; Griffith, Kent J.; Laurita, Geneva; Hu, Jerry G.; Grey, Clare P.; Seshadri, Ram “Structural Evolution and Atom Clustering in β-SiAlON: β-Si6–zAlzOzN8–zInorg. Chem. 2017, 56, 2153–2158. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02780

(9) Pecher, Oliver; Halat, David M.; Lee, Jeongjae; Liu, Zigeng; Griffith, Kent J.; Braun, Marco; Grey, Clare P. “Enhanced Efficiency of Solid-State NMR Investigations of Energy Materials using an External Automatic Tuning/Matching (eATM) Robot” J. Magn. Reson. 2017, 275, 127–136. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2016.12.008

(8) Pecher, Oliver; Carretero-González, Javier; Griffith, Kent J.; Grey, Clare P. “Materials’ Methods: NMR in Battery Research” Chem. Mater. 2017, 29, 213–242. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03183

(7) Scherf, Lavinia M.; Pecher, Oliver; Griffith, Kent J.; Haarmann, Frank; Grey, Clare P.; Fässler, Thomas F. “Zintl Phases K4−xNaxSi4 (1 ≤ x ≤ 2.2) and K7NaSi8: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, and Solid-State NMR Spectroscopic Investigations” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2016, 4674–4682. DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201600735

(6) Oyama, Gosuke; Pecher, Oliver; Griffith, Kent J.; Nishimura, Shin-ichi; Pigliapochi, Roberta, Grey, Clare P.; Yamada, Atsuo “Sodium Intercalation Mechanism of 3.8 V Class Alluaudite Sodium Iron Sulfate” Chem. Mater. 2016, 28, 5321–5328. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01091

(5) Griffith, Kent J.; Forse, Alexander C.; Griffin, John M.; Grey, Clare P. “High-Rate Intercalation without Nanostructuring in Metastable Nb2O5 Bronze Phases” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 8888–8899. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b04345

(4) Mayo, Martin; Griffith, Kent J.; Pickard, Chris J.; Morris, Andrew J. “Ab Initio Study of Phosphorus Anodes for Lithium- and Sodium-Ion Batteries” Chem. Mater. 2016, 28, 2011–2021. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04208

(3) Hope, Michael A.; Forse, Alex, C.; Griffith, Kent J.; Lukatskaya, Maria R.; Ghidiu, Michael; Gogotsi, Yury; Grey, Clare P. “NMR Reveals the Surface Functionalisation of Ti3C2 MXene” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 5099–5102. DOI: 10.1039/C6CP00330C

(2) Ewing, Michael A.; Conant, Christopher R. P.; Zucker, Steven M.; Griffith, Kent J.; Clemmer, David E. “Selected Overtone Mobility Spectrometry (SOMS)” Anal. Chem. 2015, 87, 5132–5138. DOI: 10.1021/ac504555u

(1) Foley, Matthew P.; Du, Peng; Griffith, Kent J.; Karty, Jonathan A.; Mubarak, Muhammad S.; Raghavachari, Krishnan; Peters, Dennis G. “Electrochemistry of Substituted Salen Complexes of Nickel(II): Nickel(I)-catalyzed Reduction of Alkyl and Acetylenic Halides” J. Electroanal. Chem. 2010, 647, 194–203. DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2010.06.001


(1) UK Patent Application (GB 1809467.2) – Electrode Compositions. 08 June 2018.

  • Updated (GB 1905218.2) – Electrode Compositions. 12 April 2019.

(2) US Patent Application (US 2021/0218075 A1) – Metal Oxide-based Electrode Compositions. 15 July 2021.